The Arthashastra is the title of a handbook for running an empire, written by Kautilya (also known as Chanakya, c. BCE) an Indian. Arthashastra, the treatise on Economic Administration was written by Kautilya in the 4th century before Christ. It consists of 15 chapter, Shlokas and INTRODUCTION PURUSHARTAS MEANING OF ARTHA MEANING OF ARTHASHASTRA KAUTILYA ROLE OF ARTHASHASTRA IN.

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In yet another parallel to Machiavelli, Kautilya argues the national interest should override moral principles “inasmuch the moral order depends upon the continued existence of the state.

Separation arthashastta powers Legislature Executive Judiciary Election commission.

Kautilya’s Arthashastra: Quick overview

The Raja-rishi has self-control and does not fall for the temptations of the senses, he learns continuously and cultivates his thoughts, he avoids false and flattering advisors and instead associates with the true and accomplished elders, he is genuinely promoting the security and welfare of his people, he enriches and empowers his people, he practices ahimsa non-violence against all living beingshe lives a simple life and avoids harmful people or activities, he keeps away from another’s wife nor craves for other people’s property.

The objection that the Arthashastra was the work of a scholar and kauttilya someone involved in politics is also not very convincing as it contains very pragmatic assertions and statements.

Other scriptures Bhagavad Gita Agamas. With respect to taxes on agriculture, avoid extremes of either complete absence of taxes or exorbitant taxation.

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, Most agree that his work can be read as an adequate description of his time, yet also serving as a practical manual of how to govern.

According to him, there is stability if rulers are responsive, responsible, accountable, removable, and kautilyx, otherwise there would be instability. To undermine a ruling oligarchy, make chiefs of the [enemy’s] ruling council infatuated with women possessed of great beauty and youth. In the fight between the dog and the pig, the ultimate victory is that of the pariah who gets the meat to eat.


Kautilya’s Arthashastra depicts a bureaucratic welfare state, in fact some kind of socialized monarchy, in which the central government administers the details of the economy for the common good But as economic objectives are not realised in the absence of political ones, then political governance becomes an end and economic governance the means. At night the owl kills kautioya crow The time of fight is important. Journal of the American Oriental Society. Of these, the body acts either at the command of the mind or at the insistence of the intellect.

It mentions the Ajivikas as an important sect a feature of Mauryan timessangha polities and the administrative structure reflected in the text does not match any other historical period.

Kautilya is described by historians as both the emperor’s “Prime Minister” and the grand theorist of the politics and economics of the Mauryan state, thus comparable to Bismarck regarding his political power and arthaahastra Machiavelli in his function as a chronicler – leaving, naturally, some doubts about in how far his work is normative and in how far it describes reality.

Retrieved from ” https: Whereas when intellect rules over the kuatilya, the desires become aims and ambitions. While intellect rationalises, the mind dictates the emotion.

The Arthashastra Summary – A Treatise on Statecraft and Military Strategy

Though the general impression is that Kautilya had not written much about economics, the fact is that Kautilya by taking a holistic and integrated approach to governance, had provided a new dimension to the field of economics, which unfortunately has remained neglected all this time. Magadh was then the biggest state in India. Reading About the World, Vol. About The Author Ayushmaan Chakraborty. This is arthzshastra state of unfulfilled desires.

The jargon related to Human Resource Management was not prevalent then, but kaitilya essence was widely practised in Kautilya’s times. The school of Usanas asserts, states the text, that there is only one necessary knowledge, the science of government because no other science can start or survive without it. Ideally, the government should collect taxes like a honeybee that sucks just the right amount of honey from the flower so that both can survive.


It is from arthashadtra four that all other knowledge, wealth and human prosperity is derived. Seeing India through Brazilian eyes. The text has been translated and interpreted by Shamashastry, Kangle, Trautmann and many others.

Arthashastra states that forests be protected and recommends that the state treasury be used to feed animals such as horses and elephants that are too old for work, sick or injured. Where scriptural laws conflict with what is righteous and just, there justice shall be the valid criterion, the written text loses its relevance.

Shamasastry Table of Contents. The text was considered lost by colonial era scholars, until a manuscript was discovered in Governance – Role Of Ethics. Policy Public policy doctrine Domestic and foreign policy Civil summaty Public summqry.

Arthashastra – Wikipedia

He should not violate the course of righteousness and wealth. Kangle published a critical edition of the text, based on all the available manuscripts. Arthashastra stipulates restraint on taxes imposed, fairness, the amounts and how tax increases should is implemented.

Considering that the future of global order rests, to a significant degree, in non-Western decision makers’ hands, the global academic community’s limited knowledge of traditional non-western thinkers – for example Chinese or Indian – seems surprising. Timeline Chronology of Hindu texts. In the absence of governance, the strong will swallow the weak.

However, this important document had been forgotten for centuries. Kautilya’s Arthashastra is an excellent treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy. The end is economic governance while political governance is the means.

Join The Discussion Cancel reply. For Kautilya, good governance was paramount. He recommended that the aggregate wage bill of the State should not exceed one-fourth of its revenue.